Best Inner Tubes For Road Bikes – Avoid Those Annoying Flats

Inner Tubes For Road Bikes

Flats. I hate them. There’s nothing that can throw a “wrench” in a good road ride than an unexpected flat.

Thankfully there are a lot of ways to help prevent flats. Tubes are probably the smallest part of that. There’s not really one brand of tube that is better than the other (more on that below) , but there are some specialty tubes that may be more flat-resistant.

Let’s start with choosing your tubes.

Since all road bike inner tubes are virtually the same..

Save yourself some time and buy these. They are like half price on amazon, compared to what the local bike shop charges for them.
Inner Tubes For Road Bikes

Just be sure to get the right valve type (Presta or Schrader, more on that below)


What do Tube Numbers mean?

The first number is the diameter and the second number it the width.


700 – diameter
23 – width

Don’t forget to read the “Did You Know?” Blackbox below to save money when buying tubes.


Choosing the Right Road Bike Tube

Your road bike with a plus size bike seat will mostly likely used a presta valve for its tire, but some road bikes do actually use schrader valves.

Also, you will need a 700c or 27inch tube. Frankly, 700c tubes will work in both sizes with no problems.

Then you need to determine the width. Most commonly you will use the 23c width so the tire will say something like 700x23c or 700x25c. Frankly, since tubes expand, the width does not have to be perfect.

Basically, a schrader valve is the same type of valve as what your car uses. A presta is thinner and will look quite strange to you the first time you see it.

Bikes that use Schrader valves have a larger hole drilled in the rim to accommodate their thickness. Presta bikes have a much smaller hole in their rims.

Although a Schrader valve is too large to go into the rim of a presta wheel, you can accidentally insert the presta valve into a schrader rim. In most cases, a little bit of the tube will try to fit through as well, and will get cut on the rim.

So make sure you get the right one. (The picture on the right references a schrader-type and presta-type valve)

The presta valve may actually prevent as much leakage throughout the week since you can screw it tight. However, both types of tubes will leak some and need to be inflated at least once a week.

Also, you might need to buy a good adapter that will convert the tip of a presta stem into a schrader to work with the other air pumps.


Did You Know?

A 700c Tube will Fit a 27″ Tire?

The inner tubes are highly flexible. So, for example, you could easily use a 700x23c Inner tube with a 700x 25c Tire, or a 27 x 1 1/2″ Tire.

The same goes for mountain bikes. You can easily get away with a 26x 1.75″ tube inside a 26 x 2.25 tire. However, I wouldn’t go the other way — if you get too much extra tube, sometimes its gets wrinkled back on itself and it will pinch flat when inflating.

That said, I have done it before. Just be careful.


Choosing the Best Brand of Road Bike Tube

Newsflash: They’re all the same.

Okay, maybe not quite all. After all if you buy a really cheap raod bike tube from Walmart and air it up, you will see some bulges where certain areas of the tire are weaker.

Mostly, bike shops will take one of the major brands of bike tubes. They all cost the same, and, frankly, I really think that they are probably made at the same factory (maybe Kenda?) — and then different labels are stuck on them.

My Tires Keep Going Flat Over Night

Ok, so maybe not overnight, but they are loosing air faster than they should.

This could be from a variety of causes. It is possible to get a faulty tube — one that has pin holes in it from the factory (Typically this hole is near the valve stem) or has a faulty valve.Inner Tubes For Road Bikes

There could also be something really small stuck in your tire. Search both the inside and outside of the tire for any tiny sharp objects.

And, of course, make sure the rim tape is good and hasn’t slipped.


Flat Resistant or Thorn Resistant Road Tires

Make sure to get the REALLY thick ones!

If you aren’t worried about the additional weight, you can buy thicker, thorn-resistant budget MTB wheelsets. Now, granted, if something gets through the tire, you’ll probably get a flat. However, many people say the thicker tires also prevent some flats.

Now ,there’s no official system, but from working in the industry, I can say that there are tubes that are thorn resistant and then there are TUBES THAT ARE THORN RESISTANT. The latter is such a thick tube that it cannot fold up properly and requires a larger (longer) box than other tubes. (compare this photo to the right with the photo of the pink latex tube at the very top of this page)

If you get a truly Thorn Resistant tube you are going to see some real benefits in their abilities to avoid flats. Especially if you use my special tips listed below.


Road Tubes With Sealant

Tubes That Can Heal Themselves

You might see some Slime tubes out there. However, its important to realize that slime is only good for tubes that have less than 65 PSI. So you’ll need to go with a more aggressive stop leak if you are going to choose a sealant filled road tube.

Most road bike tires your find that have sealant in them are going to be schrader valves. And, they often use the green Slime tubes which have a more limited amount of sealing power.

I recommend Stan’s sealant which can be put into both Schrader and Presta valved tires. (Slime can as well)

Now, these sealants are very sticky, and take awhile to install. Frankly, I’d rather change a flat than deal with them. But, if you insist.


Kevlar Belt

Kevlar can do more than stop bullets! They make a “light weight” (not by racing standards, but most of us won’t mind the trade-off) kevlar belt that you lay inside the road tire between the tire and the inner tube. This helps stop items before they get to the tire. And, I’ve seen them make a difference on more than one occaision.

Kevlar Tire Liners are starting to be replaced by plastic ones. The plastic ones work just as well but are quite a bit heavier.

Your choice.


Buy a Kevlar Belted or Flat-resistant Tire

Probably the best recommendation to avoid flats is to purchase a flat-resistant tire. You can buy them with thicker rubber down the middle, extra plastic in the center or kevlar belting. All of them are effective at presenting flats.

What I personally like that this tire still is quite lightweight, and has some flexibility in the sidewalls. It also has made from a really grippy rubber compound so you feel in control even in wet weather. Its the perfect all-around, durable tire.

I normally road the same brand, just in their racing model, the Pro 3 race. Even with the lighter tires that I road, I would typically only flat once every 3,000 miles.

Bike Shop Secrets To Avoid Flats

Check Your Tires Weekly

One of the biggest reason for flat tires is under-inflation. When you do not inflate your tires sufficiently, they “mush”. If you go over a bump, they can mush enough to get caught between the rim and the bump — and be cut by the rim.

Inflate your tires every week to the maximum reccomended air pressure.

I would actually deflate my tubes once a week. Then I would rotate the tire slowly, squeezing it and looking for any particles or rocks that might be lodge in the tire. Often you can find things lodged in the tire that has not yet punctured the tube.

Then, I would reinflate the tires and fill in any cracks with superglue.

Made it to 3,000 miles with no flats that way once. Finally had to change the tires because I had worn them out.

Categories: Bikes

Guitar Effect Pedals

Joyo pedal effect

Fortunately when it comes to buying guitar effects pedals you don’t need to be an electronics wizard to understand how each pedal works and how to set them up. Basically there are two ways for you to set up your guitar pedals.

The first is utilizing multi-effects units that have an array of guitar effects integrated into one module; these vary in price depending on the amount and complexity of functions they contain. The other way is whereby individual pedals are connected together in a daisy-chain fashion, connected together with short cables.

Building up a collection of effect pedals in a daisy-chain pattern is the most common configuration that guitar players adopt, due mainly to the fact that pedals are built up over time as finances allow and also that guitar players like to mix and match their favorite effect units as they please. One possible drawback to the daisy-chain method is that more cables are needed to connect the units together, as well as it taking longer to set up the pedals if you are performing at different locations.

As previously stated there is a multitude of guitar effect pedals to choose from, the following types represent a sample of what’s available and what they actually do.

Distortion and Overdrive Pedals

Distortion Effects PedalThis type of pedal will take the signal produced by the guitar and amplify it to a point where it makes a sound that can vary between a raw dirty tone to a rich warm clipped sound. The variations in tone produced will depend on the make and model of distortion pedal, with some having just a few simple knobs and a footswitch to those that have tone shaping capabilities.

Reverb Pedals

Reverb Effects PedalWhile it’s accepted that the more sophisticated amplifiers will have reverb built-in, if you have an amp that has less than acceptable reverb by all means consider buying a reverb effects pedal. Reverb has the capability to add a new sound to your playing. Like all good things with reverb it is very much a case of less is more, in other words don’t overdo its use, but rather use it sparingly during parts of a song to highlight emotion.

Tuner Pedals

Tuner PedalThese types of pedal are essential for anyone who’s serious about playing the guitar. Although ordinarily it’s relatively easy to tune by ear, once you are on stage playing with other band members this can become next to impossible. With a tuner pedal you can cut the signal from the guitar going to the amp, so no one hears it, and instead use the visual display to determine whether your guitar is in tune or not.

Wah Wah Pedals

Wah Wah PedalThe effect is produced by a foot pedal that you are able to rock back and forth to produce that familiar wah-wah sound, and is very popular with lead and rhythm guitar players. The effect itself is created by a low-pass filter, which has a cut-off frequency that is controlled by the foot pedal.

Compressor Pedals

Compressor Effects PedalAlthough not an easy effects pedal to use, it’s still a very useful pedal for all guitarists to have in their arsenal. What a compressor effect pedal allows a player to do is perform a piece over a wide dynamic range. This can extend from aggressive solos to gentle rhythmic chords, all done while keeping the same output volume from the Amplifier. This enables your audience to not only hear softer and gentler passages, but also enables them to hear the more charged lead work without diminishing the sound from the other band members. A compressor also has the ability to sustain notes for longer, beyond what your guitar would normally allow you to play.

Phaser Pedals

Phasor Effects PedalThis is one of the most popular of effects pedals as well as one of the best known. Essentially, what a phaser does is to create two signals from the source guitar signal and then outputs these two signals slightly out of phase. This is what produces the phasing effect, which can be varied and manipulated by use of the controls on the pedal.

Tremolo pedal

Tremelo Effects PedalBack in the nineteen sixties this was a very popular effect, and its popularity hasn’t diminished to this day. The essence of the tremolo pedal is that it creates a vibrato effect by altering the amplitude of the guitars source signal. The Pedal gives control over both the speed variation and the signal depth.

As you can see from just a sample of the guitar effect pedals you have plenty of scope when it comes to creating experimental and unique sounds. Why not check out the Joyo pedals review for more information on particular types of joyo pedals.

Categories: Guitar Pedal

Cheap Handheld Back Massager – Affordable, Functional and Convenient to Use

Handheld Massager

There are many reasons to get a back pain. But there are few remedies to overcome it. Relaxing the back muscles to get rid of the knotted back muscles with the help of a cheap hand held massager is the best way comparing consulting and doctor or getting a massage done in spa. Both the alternatives to handheld back massager cost you more. The nagging back pain can be melting out while you use a hand held massager. Upper back or lower back wherever you need the muscles to relax, you can slowly roll over this massager to sooth you. This user friendly massager operates with the help of batteries. Once switched on the charged up massager’s rubber nodules and vibrator starts working. You can press your back against this vibrating nodules you can feel the relaxation of the knotty muscles.

There are many features in this massager to get a soothing feel. Depending upon the different parts of your back the vibration and the pressure points on the nodules can be adjusted. The rollers which move upwards and down wards give you the perfect massage feeling. Some of these hand held massagers are available with added features like heating facility. This works well and gives you the best relaxation to your aching back muscles. The rollers can be adjusted to give you circular and firm motions for specific times with specific pressure. To get the absolute masseuse feel, lie down, and ask someone to apply some warm oil on your back and then massage you with the best handheld massager.

The best features of this handheld back massager are:

Handheld Massager
• This handheld body massager comes in different models and shapes to make every customer satisfied with the one they are buying.

• One can find the reviews of the customers on the website and then decide whether to buy that particular brand massager.

• These handheld back massagers if ordered online then the price will be very less compared to the market prices and will be delivered within the given time.

• There are many options on the massager which helps you in adjusting the massager according to your need and requirement. For, example if you want to massage your lower back then you can adjust the massager accordingly.

• This is said to be the best and very important thing which every women needs to have because we find many women have back pain problems.

• This handheld back massager not only saves our money but also saves our time which we spend in all the while going to the doctor and spend lots of time in getting treatment. With this handheld back massager you can get relief from painful shoulder or painful lower back within minutes and also you no need to take anyone’s help or support because one can massage on their own.

Working very hardly for entire day and feeling stressed out and tired is the most common happening in everyone’s life so to make your stressed and tired body the active and energetic one these handheld back massagers are introduced which are nowadays tried and believed by many people.

Some advance handheld massagers comes with the option of setting various types of programs to suit your needs. Separate attachments for neck, shoulder, thighs, buttocks which come along with the kit relieve the specific painful areas in a more effective manner. So it is advisable to invest on a cheap hand heldback massager to relieve your back pain without spending for doctor charges and spa expenses.

Categories: Massager

Best Vacuum Cleaner Under 100 – Affordability Is The Key


Are you searching for an affordable vacuum cleaner? Don’t hassle anymore! You can get the best vacuum under 100 that performs as perfect as a high-end vacuum. Most of these best vacuums under $100 are very versatile – they can be used for a variety of functions like cleaning your couch, carpet, hardwood and bare floor and even your car. The greatness of a vacuum cleaner is determined by the ability to perform fast detailed cleaning producing low or no noise at all.

We have handpicked and reviewed the best vacuum cleaner under $100.

1. BISSELL Clean View Upright Vacuum with One-Pass

The BISSELL Clean View Upright is a lightweight vacuum designed to offer you easy and fast cleaning. It has innovative brush design and powerful suction that rotates on the carpet to provide detailed cleaning. This vacuum features a cyclonic system that offers a strong, long lasting suction. It comes with a TurboBrush tool for cleaning furniture, upholstery, stairs and more. The entire machine is easy to use – the tank is easy to empty and wash.

Features and Specifications

OnePass Technology

vacuums under100This vacuum cleaner features OnePass Technology that provides thorough and precise cleaning. The technology is backed up by innovative brush design that rotate down into your carpet to clean further on initial pass. This vacuum completes the job using a powerful suction.

Long Lasting Suction

When you are cleaning, you require a machine that will hold for long. Now feel confident because you have found the best vacuum under $100 that will hold its cleaning power by use of its Cyclonic System. Whether you are cleaning your carpet or the sofa, this vacuum will complete the task faster than ordinary vacs.

TurboBrush Tool

If you want a cleaner that will tackle soft surfaces, then the BISSELL Clean View Upright may be your choice. It is a powerful tool that is perfect for furniture, upholstery, stairs and more. It gives these surfaces a fresh and clean look while maintaining their quality.

Easy to Empty Dirt Tank

A great vacuum should be easy to use. The ease of use includes emptying the dirt tank. This vacuum cleaner is simple to use and even to empty the dirt tank. You will be able to empty the dirt tank through the bottom open system.

Key Features

  • Lightweight and easy to use
  • Innovative brush style
  • Cyclonic System for long-lasting powerful suction
  • TurboBrush tool for furniture, upholstery, stairs and more
  • Easy to empty dirt tank and washable filter


  • It is lightweight and cleans fast.
  • It has an innovative brush that rotates to provide thorough cleaning.


  • It may start smoking sooner than you expect.

The BISSELL Clean View Upright is a great purchase. It is affordable yet it has excellent features like the Cyclonic system.

2. Shark Bagless Navigator Cordless Freestyle Stick Vacuum (SV1106)

The Shark Bagless Navigator is one of the best vacuum under 100 that will give you more cleaning freedom since it is cordless. It is designed to ensure that you clean the hard to reach areas like on top of shelves, under the cupboard and between couch pillows. The best shark vacuum comes with a swivel steering for superior maneuverability. It has two speeds to cater for different surfaces like bare floor and carpet. The large and easy to empty dust cup completes an excellent machine that most homeowners love.

Features and Specifications


This vacuum cleaner gives you the freedom that you want since it is cordless. It offers convenience cleaning ensuring you reach any places where the mess occurs. It is meant to relieve you the stress of carrying heavy and large vacuum cleaners.

Shark Bagless Navigator Cordless Freestyle Stick Vacuum (SV1106)Swivel Steering

Maneuverability is very vital when you are cleaning your carpet or bare floor. The Shark Bagless Navigator is a lifestyle cleaner that comes with a swivel steering to offer excellent maneuverability.

2-Speed Settings

If you want the best vacuum under $100 that can clean more than one surface, then here is a choice for you. This vacuum cleaner features 2 speed settings that have been optimized for bare floor and carpet.

Huge Dust Cup

The Shark Bagless Navigator comes with a large dust cup that is also easy to empty. You will do more cleaning and when the dust cup is full, you will appreciate the ease of removing the dirt.

Precision Charge

This vacuum has a powerful charge that supports more cleaning. The battery takes only four hours to charge.

Key Features

  • Cordless hence convenient for all washing
  • Swivel steering ensures superior maneuverability
  • 2 speed settings customized for bare floor and carpet
  • Huge and easy to empty dust cup
  • Precision charger – it takes only 4 hours to charge


  • It offers convenient cleaning since it is cordless
  • It has 2 speed settings for bare floor and carpet


  • It has a low suction power as compared to similar vacuum cleaners.

Despite the relatively low suction power, this cleaner offers quality cleaning. It has many great features that make it worth your cash

3. Hoover Corded Cyclonic Stick Vacuum

The Hoover Corded Cyclonic Stick is among the best vacuums under $100. It has excellent features that make it easy to use and perform detailed cleaning. This cleaner features a swivel steering that lets you maneuver and clean around furniture and other hidden places. The 2-inch power cord ensures you perform a compromised cleaning.

Features and Specifications

Hoover Corded Cyclonic Stick Vacuum, SH20030Cyclonic Technology

The Cyclonic Technology offers centrifugal force that ensures excellent cleaning. There is a perfect transition from hard floor to low pile and area rugs easily. The Cyclonic Technology combines with powered Brushroll to offer a thorough cleaning.

Swivel Steering

It comes with a swivel steering to enhance maneuverability around furniture and other areas with ease.

Extreme Recline Handle

To reach far hidden places, you require a vacuum cleaner with a handle that can recline fully and so does the Hoover Corded Cyclonic Stick. It comes with a fully recline handle to ensure you reach the unreachable areas. You will appreciate the ability of this vacuum to reach under sofas, cupboard and high places.

Bottom Release DirtCup

The bottom release dirtcup enables you to see when the cup is full and ready to be emptied. This release system simplifies dirt disposal enabling you to clean without much hassle.

Key Features

  • Cyclonic Technology
  • Swivel Steering for maneuverability
  • Extreme Recline handle to allow you clean the hidden places.
  • 20-inch power cord with a simple release
  • Bottom release dirtcup to simplify dirt disposal


  • It has a swivel steering for excellent maneuverability
  • The handle reclines fully to enable you clean the hidden places


  • It is not perfect to pick pet’s hair or long hair

>>See more about best vacuums for long hair

The Hoover Corded Cyclonic is the best vacuum under 100 that will offer you uncompromising cleaning. It has a swivel steering and recline handle to enable you clean the hidden places.

If you want a cheap cleaner that will offer unparalleled cleaning, you can choose the best vacuum under 100 from the above machines. Don’t be convinced that only expensive vacuums are the best for cleaning – Some cleaning upholstery with steam cleaner even have more powerful suction than the expensive vacuums. The above best vacuums under $100 are now available in the market.

Also see best air purifier under $100 for your home.

Categories: Homr

Uncommon Side Effects of Adderall

Adderall is a prescription Schedule 2 drug that is used to treat ADHD in adults and children. Adderall has a very wide range of side effects. The Adderall side effects change from person to person because of factors like gene, weight, tolerance, and sex all play an important role in how the drug works with one’s body.

If you have any of the symptoms below, you should consult your doctor because these are infrequent symptoms that might be a sign that your dosage is too high or that you should try the Adderall alternatives.

  • Restlessness: If you are feeling uneasy about sitting in one place or are unable to remain still, you are restless. The Adderall dosage might be too high and your brain is unable to filter out all the incoming stimulus.
  • Urinary Track Infection: Frequent urination can cause UTI in females.
  • Hives: Some people have allergic reactions to Adderall. If you have hives, stop taking the pills and talk to your doctor immediately.
  • Fever: Adderall can cause fevers in some cases. Talk with your doctor if you are feeling hotter than usual.
  • Rash: This is another Adderall side effect that is caused by an allergic reaction. This is similar to hives.
  • Breathing Problems: Ya pile of pills related to adderallour PNS might be too excited and cause you to breath quick, short breaths. This will reduce the amount of oxygen in your body and cause you to be light headed. Talk to your doctor if you have this.
  • Drug Interactions: Adderall can interact with other medications that you are taking. Even something as simple as Ginseng can cause troubles with medications. Tell your doctor and pharmacist everything you are taking.
  • Anxiety: This is a more severe form of moodiness. If you are feeling anxious, do not talk to your doctor about getting a prescription for benzos like Xanax. Xanax will cancel out Adderall.
  • Dry Mouth: Adderall can cause dry mouth. This is not a severe symptom but make sure you drink lots of water.
  • Bowl Movements: Frequent bowl movements are the result of a faster than normal digestive system. Food moves threw your digestive system at a faster pace when you are on Adderall.
  • Erection Difficulties: Adderall causes blood to divert from the gentiles and into other parts of the body. It also suppresses sexual arousal. A simple cure for this is to wait until the Adderall side effects ware off before you have sex.
  • Drowsiness: Adderall can cause some people to become drowsy. This might be a symptom of poor sleep.
  • Dizziness: An over active visual cortex can cause your eyes to focus on too many things: the result is a dizzy feeling.
  • Lethargic: Somehow, some people feel lethargic on Adderall. This is opposite than the desired result.
  • Sweating Excessively: Adderall stimulates all parts of the body, this includes the sweat glands. However, if you are sweating excessively (soaking shirts), talk to your doctor.
  • Pallet Changes: People have reported that their sense of taste is altered on Adderall. Some have also reported that they no longer love foods that they once loved before. The pallet change takes a few weeks to return to normal once you quit Adderall.
  • Weight Loss: Since Adderall suppresses hunger and, at the same time, increases metabolism, weight loss is common. Adderall is also used as a weight loss drug in eating disorder circles. Weight loss on Adderall is more common than weight loss on Ritalin or other non-mixed ADHD pills.
  • Extremely Fast Heart Rate: If your heart rate is so fast that it is uncomfortable, talk to your doctor. This means that your dosage is too high.
  • Throbbing Heart: If your blood pressure is so high that you can feel it when you are standing still, talk to your doctor. This is a sign that your prescription is too high.
  • Diarrhea: Diarrhea should not occur when taking Adderall. This is a rare and severe side effect of Adderall.
  • Weakness: Some people feel weakness when they take Adderall. Stop to ask your doctor if you feel this.
  • Low Sex Drive: Adderall causes decreased libido. If you are feeling this, stop taking Adderall. This is one of the most annoying adderall side effects.

Categories: Adderall

All about How to Clean Wood Floors

laminate floor

The beauty of nature can never be replaced. No matter how many artificial things we make or how close we get to perfection, natural things all remain special. So is the case with the flooring of houses. The beauty that they bring into the houses is just delightful. That’s the reason realtors look for such houses as they get sold as hot cakes. Few other advantages being they are easy to be taken care of, they are never out of fashion and brings a tinge of traditionalism. Here we are concerned with how to clean wood floors. There is always a first step to everything, here it is to know what type of wood is used as your floors. After you know what kind of wood your floor is made of, you can proceed with how to clean wood floors.

One of the kinds of wood used is surface – sealed, which should make you happy in all possible ways. These surfaces are both water and stain resistant, hence you only need to sweep and mop the floor to keep it clean. No additional care is required for such floors. You are lucky to have such floors and manuals like how to clean wood floors will be an alien object for you. Another kind of wooden floor is the oiled kind. They are also said to be penetrating – seal treated wood floors. The level of care goes up a tad in this case. You need to buy special made floor cleaners for them. Wax or special pastes can also be used to clean them.

And in case the wood floor you have is a non treated one, utter most care must be taken. They can be cleaned as the oiled floors with more attention. Moping must be done with as less water as possible because untreated wood floors are not at all moisture resistant. The above ways will answer the question how to clean wood floors when it is based on the categories of wood floors. But there are several methods that one can follow in general to clean their wooden floors. One must always use a broom with soft and fine bristles to sweep such floors. If you have a vacuum cleaner or a robot cleaner for laminate floors, make it a point to use it at least once a week to get rid of the sand and dust.

When you are thinking of how to clean wood floors, you must be very clear on one thing, water is a big enemy of wood. If you have surface-sealed floors then it is not an issue at all, but one must still make it a point to get rid of any water coming in contact with floor as soon as possible. So whenever you are ready for moping, do so with very less amount of water and a very damp mop. You can always keep to some restrictions to reduce any damage to it. Try avoiding of wearing heavy shoes or high heel shoes or dragging of furniture as they cause damage

Factors that Constitute a Quality Laminate Floor

laminate floorFirst let us analyze the warranty factors. A comprehensive laminate warranty covers the following aspects of the floors performance: factory defect, normal wear and tear, fading, staining, denting and water resistance. A lower end warranty might not cover all of these aspects, and although the advertised warranty states ten years, this might refer to manufacturer’s defects only, whereas the performance aspect of the warranty might only cover a five year period. Also consider that although the wear and tear aspect of a laminate warranty covers a certain period, this does not reflect the fact that the floor might start to show wear and tear or loose its original luster after a few years of use.

Today, most laminate floor surfaces are treated with Aluminum Oxide, which makes these floors highly durable in terms of scratching and denting. However not all floors are created equal in that certain laminates receive up to nine coatings of aluminum oxide, whereas a lower quality floor might only be treated with a few layers of Aluminum Oxide. This translates into a scenario where these few layers of Aluminum Oxide will wear through in a short period of time, and conversely a floor with additional coatings will perform better when subjected to heavy foot traffic, and for a longer period of time.

Laminate floor cores range in thickness from 7mm to 12mm, with a thicker core offering more stability, making it less likely to buckle if subjected to high levels of moisture in the air, as well as offering a floor that is quieter to walk on. The other aspect of laminate floor cores is the ability of the floor to resist swelling when affected by water and sub-floor moisture. A good quality laminate floor core is treated with water repellent chemicals, which protect the floor from swelling when breached by water or excessive levels of sub-floor moisture. A good core should be coupled with a tongue and groove configuration that is also treated with water repellent chemicals, such as impregnated wax, which will prevent topical liquid spills from penetrating through to the laminate core.

Joint integrity refers to the ability of the tongue and groove locking mechanism to withstand the weight of heavy objects, as well as perform over the life of the floor. The locking mechanism of a good quality laminate floor is designed to withstand the weight of heavy household furniture and fit tightly together negating gapping or separation. Since the advent of glueless laminate floors, many manufacturers have invested large sums of money in research and development in search of a locking mechanism that will not fail even when subjected to abnormally high levels of impact force or weight. The most successful configurations, in terms of binding strength and durability are patented and sold to other manufacturers.

Lastly, when purchasing a name brand laminate floor, one is not paying merely for the name, but for the quality of the materials, precise levels of engineering, and many years of research and development invested in the design and manufacturing process.

Categories: Homr